Dawid Rubinowicz


The Diary of Dawid Rubinowicz is known to be one of the most touching testimonies of the fate of Jewish children during the Holocaust.


Writing down his thoughts and observations in short and direct notes in his schoolbook, 13-year-old Dawid Rubinowicz gives an insight into the fears for the Jews during the Nazi occupation of Poland.

Dawid Rubinowicz began writing a diary 21 March 1940 in Krajno. At some point during the time of the open ghetto of Bodzentyn, Dawid left his diary in at least five copybooks with his Polish next-door neighbour and friend, Tadeusz Waciński. Later on, they were passed on, together with other school belongings, to Antoni Waciński. The diary remained at his house for 15 years. Krystyna and Stefan Rachtan rented the house. Krystyna's father and mother, Helena and Artemiusz Wołczyk, who lived nearby often paid the family visits. In 1957, when the owner came to clean the attic, they found the diary of Dawid Rubinowicz.

Coming into possession of the journal, Artemiusz and Helena started to read it out over the local radio broadcasting system. A few years later a journalist by the name Maria Jarochowska was introduced to the diary. In 1960 she arranged for it to be published.

On one of the schoolbook's covers, the name A. Cislowski appears. Read more about the survival story of Dawid Rubinowicz' cousin Anczel Cislowski >> 


Dawid Rubinowicz' diary is famous throughout the world. It provides a unique insight into the time of the Nazi occupation, and the world of a Jewish boy and his family in the time of the open ghetto of Bodzentyn.

In cooperation with Dorota Anyż and Artur Anyż, Krystyna Nowakowska directed the process to set up a play based on the Diary of Dawid Rubinowicz. It was performed for the first time on 28 September 2008.